Asymmetric growth occurs frequently in the mandibulofacial region, but little attention has been given to asymmetry in the temporomandibular joint. The purpose of this study was to clarify the feature of asymmetry in the condylar long axis and its relation to upper first molar rotation. Records of 148 pre-orthodontic patients were used. The angle of the condylar long axis and that of the molar rotation were both larger on the left side than on the right side. Positive correlations were found between the corresponding bilateral measurements of condylar long axes and also between those of molar rotations, whereas no correlation was found between the condylar long axis and molar rotation. These findings were found in most subgroups classified by dental age, skeletal pattern, bite force balance, or gender. These results suggest that consistent left-right differences in the condylar long axis and first molar rotation are common.
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