Associations between sleep disturbance and alcohol drinking: A large-scale epidemiological study of adolescents in Japan

Hisayoshi Morioka, Osamu Itani, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Maki Ikeda, Shuji Kondo, Ryuichiro Yamamoto, Yoneatsu Osaki, Hideyuki Kanda, Susumu Higuchi, Takashi Ohida

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Abstract

In this study, we attempted to clarify the associations between various sleep disturbance symptoms and the frequency and amount of alcohol use among Japanese adolescents. This study was designed as a cross-sectional sampling survey. A self-administered questionnaire survey was administered to students enrolled in randomly selected junior and senior high schools throughout Japan. A total of 99,416 adolescents responded, and 98,867 questionnaires were subjected to analysis. The prevalence rates of sleep disturbance in the 30 days preceding the day of the survey were as follows: subjectively insufficient sleep (SIS) (boys: 37.6%, girls: 38.7%); short sleep duration (SSD) with less than 6h of sleep (boys: 28.0%, girls: 33.0%); difficulty initiating sleep (DIS) (boys: 12.5%, girls: 14.1%); difficulty maintaining sleep (DMS) (boys: 10.1%, girls: 10.9%); and early morning awakening (EMA) (boys: 5.1%, girls: 5.0%). Adolescents reporting one or more symptoms of DIS, DMS, and EMA were classified as having insomnia, and its prevalence was 21.5%. The prevalence of each symptom of sleep disturbance increased significantly with the number of days on which alcohol was consumed in the previous 30 days and the amount of alcohol consumed per drinking session (p<0.01). Multiple logistic regression analyses showed that the adjusted odds ratio (AOR) for each symptom of sleep disturbance, except SIS and EMA, tended to increase with the number of days on which alcohol was consumed and the amount of alcohol consumed per drinking session. The prevalence of sleep disturbance is particularly high among adolescents drinking alcohol. The risk of having each symptom of sleep disturbance, except SIS and EMA, increases with the number of days on which alcohol was consumed and the amount of alcohol consumed per drinking session. These findings reconfirm the need to eliminate underage drinking to ensure good sleep among adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-628
Number of pages10
JournalAlcohol
Volume47
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Alcohol
  • Drinking
  • Epidemiology
  • Japan
  • Sleep disturbance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Medicine(all)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Neurology
  • Toxicology
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Morioka, H., Itani, O., Kaneita, Y., Ikeda, M., Kondo, S., Yamamoto, R., Osaki, Y., Kanda, H., Higuchi, S., & Ohida, T. (2013). Associations between sleep disturbance and alcohol drinking: A large-scale epidemiological study of adolescents in Japan. Alcohol, 47(8), 619-628. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.alcohol.2013.09.041