We report that anticancer 5-fluoro-2′-deoxyuridine (FUdR) shows cytotoxicity against mouse cancer cell line FM3A, using a progeny clone F28-7 and its variant F28-7-A. In this process, the cell-death morphology is different between F28-7 and F28-7-A cells, that is, necrosis in F28-7 but apoptosis in F28-7-A cells. In the proteomic analysis of these cells before their exposure to FUdR, the nuclear inner-membrane protein lamin B1 is up-regulated in F28-7 but not in F28-7-A, suggesting that lamin B1 may possess a function to regulate the morphology of cell-death. A knockdown of lamin B1 expression in F28-7 cells was performed by use of the small interfering RNA technique, resulting in a decrease of the lamin B1-expression level down to the level in F28-7-A. Remarkably, the FUdR-induced death morphology of this knocked-down F28-7 was apoptosis, definitely different from the necrosis that occurs in the FUdR-treated original F28-7. Thus, the swelling feature for the necrosis was no longer observable, and instead cell shrinkage typical of apoptosis took place in almost all the cells examined. This finding suggests a new role for lamin B1 as a regulator in cell death.
- Lamin B1
ASJC Scopus subject areas