Assessment of potential impacts of municipal solid waste treatment alternatives by using life cycle approach: A case study in Vietnam

Nguyen Phuc Thanh, Yasuhiro Matsui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In Vietnam, most of municipal solid waste (MSW) is disposed of at open dumping and landfill sites, and the methane gas from waste is the un-ignorable source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission. It is indispensable to explore the possibility for GHG mitigation in MSW management. The objective of this study was to estimate alternative waste treatment practices towards the GHG emission mitigation, energy consumption and generation, reduction of landfill volume, and various benefits for proposing the appropriate selection by scenario analyses for representative Vietnam's cities. Impacts were calculated by utilizing life cycle assessment (LCA) method. A literature review survey on the current applicability of LCA database for assessing impacts from waste sector in developing countries, especially for Vietnam, was carried out. This study assessed the contribution of alternative solid waste treatment practices. The result showed that, except investment and operation costs, incineration with energy recovery seems the suitable alternative for treating waste from representative cities of Vietnam according to reduction of GHG emission and waste burden to landfill sites and energy recovery and generation. Besides, MSW composition was identified as an important factor directly influencing to impacts as well as other products and benefits of waste treatment alternatives. Reliable data on waste composition are indispensable for assessing to choose, improve, or plan the waste treatment practices towards sustainable development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7993-8004
Number of pages12
JournalEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
Volume185
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2013

Keywords

  • Integrated solid waste management
  • LCA
  • Municipal solid waste
  • Scenario analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Pollution
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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