Assessment of lifestyle effect on oxidative stress biomarkers in free-living elderly in rural Japan

Basilua Andre Muzembo, Dumavibhat Narongpon, N'landu Roger Ngatu, Masamitsu Eitoku, Ryoji Hirota, Narufumi Suganuma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Oxidative stress is believed to play a crucial role in aging and age-related diseases, and is widely thought to increase morbidity and mortality in the elderly. Assessment of biomarkers of oxidative stress, such as 8-isoprostane and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine, are considered to be useful in predicting disease risks at the population level. Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess the health status of the elderly by comparing their lifestyles and levels of oxidative stress biomarkers. Methods: We carried out a cross-sectional study where urine samples from a total of 100 elderly men and women were assayed for 8-isoprostane, 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine, selenium, cadmium and creatinine. They were asked to answer a questionnaire that included questions about their lifestyle. Results: Most of the participants were prehypertensive, non-alcohol users and on a rich plant-based diet. There were no differences in any biomarkers of oxidative stress between men and women. 8-Isoprostane was found to correlate positively with systolic blood pressure in women, but not in men. There was a slight increase of 8-isoprostane in participants with a poor intake of vegetables, and a decrease of 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine in participants who consumed fish. Multiple regression analysis showed that oxidative stress biomarkers were positively associated with cadmium, and negatively associated with selenium and fish intake in all participants, 89% of which were non-smokers. Conclusion: Results from the present study show that fish intake has the potential of decreasing oxidative stress among elderly persons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)547-554
Number of pages8
JournalGeriatrics and Gerontology International
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Fish intake
  • Lifestyle
  • Oxidative stress
  • Selenium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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