Assessment of enamel cracks at adhesive cavosurface margin using three-dimensional swept-source optical coherence tomography

Tomoko Tabata, Yasushi Shimada, Alireza Sadr, Junji Tagami, Yasunori Sumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives Swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) can construct cross-sectional images of internal biological structures. The aim of this study was to evaluate enamel cracks at the cavosurface margin of composite restorations using SS-OCT. Methods Bowl-shaped cavities were prepared at two locations (mid-coronal and cervical regions) on the enamel surface of 60 bovine teeth. Half of the cavities (30) were treated with phosphoric acid gel. A two-step self-etch adhesive (Clearfil SE Bond) was applied to all cavities and a flowable composite was placed in bulk. After 7 days in water at 37 °C, three-dimensional (3D) images of the specimens were obtained using SS-OCT, and cross-sectional views of the cavosurface margin were examined. Presence and extent of enamel cracks along the cavosurface margin circumference were evaluated using a 5-point scale. The results were statistically compared with Wilcoxon rank sum test with Bonferroni correction. Results 3D SS-OCT could detect enamel cracks at the cavosurface margin of composite restorations. Cervical regions caused more enamel cracking than mid-coronal regions. Phosphoric acid etching increased the incidence of enamel cracks compared with the preparations without etching. Conclusion SS-OCT can be used to detect enamel cracks at the margins of composite restorations noninvasively. Presence and extent of enamel cracks depended on the enamel region and bonding protocol. Clinical significance SS-OCT can be used to detect enamel cracks at the margins of composite restorations noninvasively. Selective phosphoric acid etching of the enamel significantly increased the incidence of marginal cracks, especially in cervical preparation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-32
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Dentistry
Volume61
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017

Keywords

  • 3D image
  • Cavosurface margin
  • Composite restorations
  • Enamel cracks
  • SS-OCT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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