Assessing advantages of sequential boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) in an oral cancer model with normalized blood vessels

Ana J. Molinari, Silvia I. Thorp, Agustina M. Portu, Gisela Saint Martin, Emiliano C.C. Pozzi, Elisa M. Heber, Silva Bortolussi, Maria E. Itoiz, Romina F. Aromando, Andrea Monti Hughes, Marcela A. Garabalino, Saverio Altieri, Verónica A. Trivillin, Amanda E. Schwint

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. We previously demonstrated the therapeutic success of sequential boron neutron capture therapy (Seq-BNCT) in the hamster cheek pouch oral cancer model. It consists of BPA-BNCT followed by GB-10-BNCT 24 or 48 hours later. Additionally, we proved that tumor blood vessel normalization with thalidomide prior to BPA-BNCT improves tumor control. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and explore potential boron microdistribution changes in Seq-BNCT preceded by tumor blood vessel normalization. Material and Methods. Tumor bearing animals were treated with thalidomide for tumor blood vessel normalization, followed by Seq-BNCT (Th+ Seq-BNCT) or Seq-Beam Only (Th+ Seq-BO) in the window of normalization. Boron microdistribution was assessed by neutron autoradiography. Results. Th+ Seq-BNCT induced overall tumor response of 100%, with 87 (4)% complete tumor response. No cases of severe mucositis in dose-limiting precancerous tissue were observed. Differences in boron homogeneity between tumors pre-treated and not pre-treated with thalidomide were observed. Conclusion. Th+ Seq-BNCT achieved, for the first time, response in all treated tumors. Increased homogeneity in tumor boron microdistribution is associated to an improvement in tumor control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-106
Number of pages8
JournalActa Oncologica
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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