Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is common in East Asia. Arteriovenous fistula at the craniocervical junction (CCJ-AVF), in contrast, is rare. As OPLL occurs most often in the cervical region, these 2 conditions can coexist in the cervical spinal canal of a single patient. We report a case of CCJ-AVF found after cervical laminoplasty (CLP) for OPLL. A 68-year-old man experienced progressive myelopathy due to cervical OPLL. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a high-intensity area inside the spinal cord. CLP was performed and his symptoms immediately improved. Three months after CLP, however, myelopathy recurred. MRI revealed an exacerbated and enlarged high-intensity area inside the cord from the medulla oblongata to the C4/5 level with a flow void around the cord. Left vertebral artery angiography revealed CCJ-AVF with ascending and descending draining veins. Direct surgery was performed to interrupt shunt flow into the draining veins. The patient’s symptoms improved to a limited degree. In this case, increased pressure inside the spinal canal due to OPLL might have decreased the shunt flow of the CCJ-AVF. Thus, the venous congestion induced by CCJ-AVF might have been exacerbated after the pressure was removed by CLP. Magnetic resonance angiography screening could help detect concurrent CCJ-AVF and OPLL.
- Arteriovenous fistula at the craniocervical junction
- Cervical laminoplasty
- Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology