Application of self-efficacy theory in dental clinical practice

N. Kakudate, M. Morita, S. Fukuhara, M. Sugai, M. Nagayama, M. Kawanami, I. Chiba

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In clinical practice, self-efficacy refers to how certain a patient feels about his or her ability to take the necessary action to improve the indicators and maintenance of health. It is assumed that the prognosis for patient behaviour can be improved by assessing the proficiency of their self-efficacy through providing psychoeducational instructions adapted for individual patients, and promoting behavioural change for self-care. Therefore, accurate assessment of self-efficacy is an important key in daily clinical preventive care. The previous research showed that the self-efficacy scale scores predicted patient behaviour in periodontal patients and mother's behaviour in paediatric dental practice. Self-efficacy belief is constructed from four principal sources of information: enactive mastery experience, vicarious experience, verbal persuasion, and physiological and affective states. Thus, self-efficacy can be enhanced by the intervention exploiting these sources. The previous studies revealed that behavioural interventions to enhance self-efficacy improved oral-care behaviour of patients. Therefore, assessment and enhancement of oral-care specific self-efficacy is important to promote behaviour modification in clinical dental practice. However, more researches are needed to evaluate the suitability of the intervention method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)747-752
Number of pages6
JournalOral Diseases
Volume16
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010

Keywords

  • Behavioural science
  • Oral self-care
  • Periodontal disease
  • Self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)

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    Kakudate, N., Morita, M., Fukuhara, S., Sugai, M., Nagayama, M., Kawanami, M., & Chiba, I. (2010). Application of self-efficacy theory in dental clinical practice. Oral Diseases, 16(8), 747-752. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-0825.2010.01703.x