Recently, we have demonstrated that plant DNA virus replication could be inhibited in Arabidopsis thaliana by using an artificial zinc-finger protein (AZP) and created AZP-based transgenic A. thaliana resistant to DNA virus infection. Here we apply the AZP technology to inhibition of replication of a mammalian DNA virus, human papillomavirus (HPV) type 18. Two AZPs, designated AZP(HPV)-1 and AZP(HPV)-2, were designed to block binding of the HPV-18 E2 replication protein to the replication origin. Both the designed AZPs had much higher affinities towards the replication origin than did the E2 protein, and efficiently blocked E2 binding in vitro. In transient replication assays, both AZPs inhibited the viral DNA replication: AZP(HPV)-2, especially, reduced the replication level to approximately 10%. Thus, it was demonstrated that the AZP technology could be applied not only to plant DNA viruses, but also to mammalian DNA viruses.
ASJC Scopus subject areas