Application of a microfluidic sperm sorter to the in-vitro fertilization of porcine oocytes reduced the incidence of polyspermic penetration

Hikaru Sano, Koji Matsuura, Keiji Naruse, Hiroaki Funahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to use a microfluidic sperm sorter (MFSS), designed to isolate motile human spermatozoa with laminar flows (no centrifugation), for porcine IVF. Boar spermatozoa were diluted at 1 x 108 cells/mL with a diluent containing 20% seminal fluid and flowed with modified TCM-199 (mM199, with 5 mM caffeine) to introduce motile sperm into the exit chamber for IVF. In Experiment 1, after flowing for 5 min, sperm concentration varied significantly among specific sites within the MFSS collecting chamber (range, 0.8 ± 0.5 x 104 to 575.0 ± 56.3 x 104 cells/mL; mean ± SEM). In Experiment 2, when porcine IVM oocytes were placed at three locations in the MFSS exit chamber (where only motile spermatozoa accumulated) and subsequently cultured in caffeine-free mM199 for 8 h, sperm penetration rate was not significantly different among places (86.1 ± 10.5 to 100%), but the monospermic penetration rate was lower (P < 0.05) in oocytes 3.5 mm from the exit position (12.5 ± 4.8%) than those at 7.5 mm (53.1 ± 6.0%) or further (41.9 ± 2.8%) from the exit. In Experiment 3, the normal fertilization index (ratio of monospermic oocytes to number of oocytes examined) 8 h after insemination was higher (P < 0.05) in the MFSS-IVF system (0.375 ± 0.040) than both standard IVF and transient IVF (0.222 ± 0.028 and 0.189 ± 0.027, respectively, with co-culture for 8 h and for 5 min). Developmental competence of fertilized oocytes (blastocyst formation) was higher (P < 0.05) in the MFSS-IVF system (40.9 ± 2.3%) than in either standard or transient IVF (22.6 ± 1.4 and 33.7 ± 3.5%). In conclusion, brief co-culture of porcine oocytes with spermatozoa gradually accumulated in the MFSS chamber improved the efficiency of producing monospermic fertilized embryos and blastocysts. Furthermore, efficiencies were significantly affected by oocyte location within the chamber.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)863-870
Number of pages8
JournalTheriogenology
Volume74
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010

Keywords

  • IVF
  • Oocytes
  • Pig
  • Polyspermy
  • Sperm sorter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals
  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Equine

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