We recently reported the cloning of the REIC/Dkk-3 gene, whose expression was shown to be down-regulated in many human immortalized and tumor-derived cell lines [T. Tsuji et al. (2000) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 268, 20-24]. In the present study, we demonstrated that expression of the exogenous REIC/Dkk-3 gene in tumor cells inhibited cell growth. Furthermore, the level of REIC/Dkk-3 mRNA in normal human cells was lowest in the late G1 phase during the cell cycle. Then we found that the expression of REIC/Dkk-3 was significantly down-regulated in surgically resected non-small-cell lung carcinomas. We determined the REIC/Dkk-3 locus on chromosome 11p15, where loss of heterozygosity has frequently been observed in human tumors. These findings indicate that REIC/Dkk-3 may function as a tumor suppressor.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 23 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology