Antiobesity action of ACAM by modulating the dynamics of cell adhesion and actin polymerization in adipocytes

Kazutoshi Murakami, Jun Eguchi, Kazuyuki Hida, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Akihiro Katayama, Miwa Sakurai, Haruki Choshi, Masumi Furutani, Daisuke Ogawa, Kohji Takei, Fumio Otsuka, Jun Wada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Coxsackie virus and adenovirus receptor-like membrane protein (CLMP) was identified as the tight junction-associated transmembrane protein of epithelial cells with homophilic binding activities. CLMP is also recognized as adipocyte adhesion molecule (ACAM), and it is upregulated in mature adipocytes in rodents and humans with obesity. Here, we present that aP2 promoter-driven ACAM transgenic mice are protected from obesity and diabetes with the prominent reduction of adipose tissue mass and smaller size of adipocytes. ACAM is abundantly expressed on plasma membrane of mature adipocytes and associated with formation of phalloidin-positive polymerized form of cortical actin (F-actin). By electron microscopy, the structure of zonula adherens with an intercellular space of ∼10-20 nm was observed with strict parallelism of the adjoining cell membranes over distances of 1-20 μm, where ACAM and γ-actin are abundantly expressed. The formation of zonula adherens may increase the mechanical strength, inhibit the adipocyte hypertrophy, and improve the insulin sensitivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1255-1267
Number of pages13
JournalDiabetes
Volume65
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2016

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Coxsackie and Adenovirus Receptor-Like Membrane Protein
Adipocytes
Cell Adhesion
Polymerization
Actins
Adherens Junctions
Obesity
Cell Membrane
Virus Receptors
Phalloidine
Enterovirus
Tight Junctions
Extracellular Space
Hypertrophy
Transgenic Mice
Insulin Resistance
Adipose Tissue
Rodentia
Electron Microscopy
Epithelial Cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Antiobesity action of ACAM by modulating the dynamics of cell adhesion and actin polymerization in adipocytes. / Murakami, Kazutoshi; Eguchi, Jun; Hida, Kazuyuki; Nakatsuka, Atsuko; Katayama, Akihiro; Sakurai, Miwa; Choshi, Haruki; Furutani, Masumi; Ogawa, Daisuke; Takei, Kohji; Otsuka, Fumio; Wada, Jun.

In: Diabetes, Vol. 65, No. 5, 01.05.2016, p. 1255-1267.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Murakami, Kazutoshi ; Eguchi, Jun ; Hida, Kazuyuki ; Nakatsuka, Atsuko ; Katayama, Akihiro ; Sakurai, Miwa ; Choshi, Haruki ; Furutani, Masumi ; Ogawa, Daisuke ; Takei, Kohji ; Otsuka, Fumio ; Wada, Jun. / Antiobesity action of ACAM by modulating the dynamics of cell adhesion and actin polymerization in adipocytes. In: Diabetes. 2016 ; Vol. 65, No. 5. pp. 1255-1267.
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