Antiferromagnetic domain structure imaging of cleaved NiO(100) surface using nonmagnetic linear dichroism at O K edge: Essential effect of antiferromagnetic crystal distortion

Toyohiko Kinoshita, Takanori Wakita, Hailin Sun, Takahide Tohyama, Ayumi Harasawa, Hideyuki Kiwata, F. Ulrich Hillebrecht, Kanta Ono, Takeshi Matsushima, Masaharu Oshima, Nobuo Ueno, Taichi Okuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Antiferromagnetic (AFM) domain structures of a NiO(100) surface have been observed using a combined method of photoelectron emission microscopy (PEEM) and soft-X-ray linear dichroism (LD) at an O K edge. Since oxygen atoms in NiO crystal should not have any magnetic moment, this imaging result was unexpected. By evaporating the magnetic materials (Fe) on the NiO crystal, the observed domain structure of NiO at a Ni L edge was strongly affected by the exchange coupling between the magnetic thin film and the AFM substrate, whereas that at the O K edge was not. It is concluded from these results that the LD at the O K edge originates from the anisotropy due to the strong coupling with the Ni 3d orbital. The observed image at the O K edge reflects essentially the T-domain information concerning the AFM crystal distortion. In contrast, the domain structure observed at the Ni L edge seems to show both T- and S-domain patterns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2932-2935
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Physical Society of Japan
Volume73
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

dichroism
crystals
magnetic materials
oxygen atoms
photoelectrons
magnetic moments
microscopy
orbitals
anisotropy
thin films
x rays

Keywords

  • Antiferromagnetic domain
  • Linear dichroism
  • NiO
  • Photoemission electron microscope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Antiferromagnetic domain structure imaging of cleaved NiO(100) surface using nonmagnetic linear dichroism at O K edge : Essential effect of antiferromagnetic crystal distortion. / Kinoshita, Toyohiko; Wakita, Takanori; Sun, Hailin; Tohyama, Takahide; Harasawa, Ayumi; Kiwata, Hideyuki; Hillebrecht, F. Ulrich; Ono, Kanta; Matsushima, Takeshi; Oshima, Masaharu; Ueno, Nobuo; Okuda, Taichi.

In: Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, Vol. 73, No. 11, 11.2004, p. 2932-2935.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kinoshita, Toyohiko ; Wakita, Takanori ; Sun, Hailin ; Tohyama, Takahide ; Harasawa, Ayumi ; Kiwata, Hideyuki ; Hillebrecht, F. Ulrich ; Ono, Kanta ; Matsushima, Takeshi ; Oshima, Masaharu ; Ueno, Nobuo ; Okuda, Taichi. / Antiferromagnetic domain structure imaging of cleaved NiO(100) surface using nonmagnetic linear dichroism at O K edge : Essential effect of antiferromagnetic crystal distortion. In: Journal of the Physical Society of Japan. 2004 ; Vol. 73, No. 11. pp. 2932-2935.
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AU - Kiwata, Hideyuki

AU - Hillebrecht, F. Ulrich

AU - Ono, Kanta

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AU - Oshima, Masaharu

AU - Ueno, Nobuo

AU - Okuda, Taichi

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AB - Antiferromagnetic (AFM) domain structures of a NiO(100) surface have been observed using a combined method of photoelectron emission microscopy (PEEM) and soft-X-ray linear dichroism (LD) at an O K edge. Since oxygen atoms in NiO crystal should not have any magnetic moment, this imaging result was unexpected. By evaporating the magnetic materials (Fe) on the NiO crystal, the observed domain structure of NiO at a Ni L edge was strongly affected by the exchange coupling between the magnetic thin film and the AFM substrate, whereas that at the O K edge was not. It is concluded from these results that the LD at the O K edge originates from the anisotropy due to the strong coupling with the Ni 3d orbital. The observed image at the O K edge reflects essentially the T-domain information concerning the AFM crystal distortion. In contrast, the domain structure observed at the Ni L edge seems to show both T- and S-domain patterns.

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