Background - Development of gastric mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is thought to he closely associated with host immune reactions to Helicobacter pylori. Aim - To investigate humoral immune responses in patients with MALT lymphoma to antigens shared by H pylori and human gastric epithelial cells. Methods - Sera were obtained from H pylori positive patients with MALT lymphoma (n = 11) or other gastroduodenal diseases (peptic ulcer, n = 40; non-ulcer dyspepsia, n = 20) and from H pylori negative healthy control subjects (n = 10). Antibodies to HGC-27 human gastric epithelial cells and human recombinant heat shock protein (Hsp) 60 were examined using an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunoblotting. Results - Antibody titres to HGC-27 cells were significantly elevated in H pylori positive patients with MALT lymphoma when compared with titres in patients with other gastroduodenal diseases and in healthy subjects. Immunoblotting of sera from patients with MALT lymphoma often detected a band with a molecular mass corresponding to Hsp60, and both ELISA and immunoblotting showed elevated antibody titres to the recombinant human Hsp60. Antigenic similarity between Hsp60 and H pylori HspB was documented by immunoblotting experiments. Conclusions - Autoantibodies reactive with host gastric epithelial cells are often increased in MALT lymphoma, and Hsp60 is a major target antigen. Immune responses induced by immunological cross reactivity between H pylori HspB and human Hsp60 in gastric epithelium may be involved in the development of MALT lymphoma.
- Heat shock protein
- Helicobacter pylori
- Mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas