We evaluated the effect of alacepril, CV-11974, and spironolactone on the production of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in cultured human peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated with angiotensin (Ang) II. Alacepril, CV-11974, and spironolactone significantly reduced the enhanced production of MCP-1 and TNF-α induced by exogenous Ang II. Specifically, 10 μM of spironolactone significantly reduced cytokine production, compared to the same dose of alacepril or CV-11974. These findings indicate that spironolactone may contribute to ameliorate the prognosis of patients with cardiovascular diseases by reducing Ang II-induced inflammation, although further exploration including determining the mechanisms would be required.
- Angiotensin II
- Peripheral blood mononuclear cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine