Antenatal Care Visits and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes at a Hospital in Rural Western Province, Rwanda

Calliope Simba Akintije, Takashi Yorifuji, Takayuki Wada, Marie Goret Mukakarake, Leon Mutesa, Taro Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In many economically developing countries, and especially in the rural regions of sub-Saharan African countries, there have been only limited investigations into the association between antenatal care (ANC) and adverse pregnancy outcomes. We obtained information on ANC and pregnancy outcomes between 2011 and 2016 from hospital files of pregnant women (n=4,960) served at a rural hospital in Rwanda, and we examined the associations between their ANC visits and the adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes by using univariate and multivariate logistic regression models to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Most of the pregnant women had ≥4 ANC visits, but 39% (n=1,911) did not have ≥ 3 visits before delivery. The prevalence of low birth weight (LBW) and that of preterm birth (PTB) were 12% and 9.9%, respectively. Compared to the women who attended only one ANC visit, those who attended ≥4 ANC visits had lower risks of LBW (OR 0.20; 95%CI: 0.11-0.36) and PTB (OR 0.28; 95%CI: 0.11-0.76). Frequent ANC visits were also associated with better postnatal outcomes of the newborns. Encouraging women to attend ANC visits before delivery can markedly reduce PTB-related and LBW-related complications, especially in resource-limited settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)495-503
Number of pages9
JournalActa medica Okayama
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • antenatal care
  • epidemiology
  • low birth weight
  • preterm birth
  • rural

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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