We examined whether angina pectoris (AP) occurring shortly before the onset of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) can render the right ventricle and the conducting tissue resistant to ischemia in 75 patients with an inferior wall AMI. Each patient had total occlusion in the proximal right coronary artery and underwent successful coronary angioplasty ≤24 hours from the onset. We divided patients into 2 groups based on presence or absence of antecedent AP ≤24 hours before the system onset: group 1 (absent) = 57 patients; group 2 (present) = 18 patients. Collateral circulation was more frequently observed in group 2 than in group 1 (group 1 vs 2, 28% vs 61%, p <0.01). Elevation in ST segment ≥1 mm in lead V(4R), hemodynamic right ventricular dysfunction, and frequency of high-degree heart block were more frequent in group 1 than in group 2 (75% vs 44%, 79% vs 39%, 53% vs 11%, p <0.05, respectively). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that antecedent AP is the only factor related to these complications. Thus, episodes of AP occurring shortly before onset may restrain development of ischemic damage of the right ventricle and conducting tissue, and are associated with better clinical and functional outcomes among patients with an inferior wall AMI.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine