Direct ion-exchange of monovalent copper ions into a ZSM-5-type zeolite was carried out using an aqueous solution of diammine-copper(I) ions, [Cu(NH 3)2]+, to prepare a copper ion-exchanged ZSM-5 zeolite including only monovalent copper ions, and the effect of monovalent copper ions on the zeolite's adsorption properties for dinitrogen (N 2) was examined. Strangely enough, the reoxidation of monovalent copper-ion exchanged in ZSM-5 took place in the evacuation process at around 473 K. The changes in valence and structure of the exchanged copper-ions during the evacuation process and the interaction with N2 molecules at room temperature have been investigated by using spectroscopic techniques such as X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS), IR and photoemission spectroscopy, as well as by measurements of adsorption isotherms and adsorption heats. On the basis of X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analyses, it has become apparent that the Cu+ species exchanged in ZSM-5 zeolite is oxidized by water to form a divalent species having a CuO-like structure through heat-treatment in vacuo at 473 K. Further heat-treatment at temperatures above 673 K caused a reduction of the divalent species to a monovalent one that exhibits a pronounced adsorption feature for N2 even at room temperature. XANES and photoemission data clearly indicated that the Cu+ species in an 873 K-treated CuZSM-5 sample has a three-coordinate structure with lattice oxygen atoms and interacts strongly with an N2 molecule at room temperature. The strong interaction with N2 was also verified through the adsorption heat and IR data: an initial adsorption energy of 85 kJ mol-1 and an absorption band at 2295 cm-1. A prominent feature of this system is that some of the adsorbed species survives after evacuation at 300 K, indicative of a strong interaction between N2 and the three-coordinate copper ion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry