Background and Purpose: The lateral spinal artery (LSA) perfuses the dorsolateral part of the spinal cord at the craniocervical junction (CCJ). We analyzed the angioarchitecture of the normal LSA and CCJ arteriovenous fistula (AVF). Methods: The first study included 26 patients with a cerebral aneurysm of the posterior circulation. Using slab maximum intensity projection (MIP) images from three-dimensional rotational angiography (3D-RA) and contrast-enhanced cone-beam CT (CE-CBCT), we analyzed the origin of the LSA, its anastomosis with the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA), the point where it reaches the spinal cord, and the visualized range. In the second study, we analyzed the angioarchitecture and treatment results of 7 CCJAVF lesions treated in our department between 2016 and 2021. Results: We visualized the normal LSA for all patients. In 23 patients with an intradural origin PICA, all LSAs originated from the C1 or C2 radicular artery, and 8 patients had an anastomosis with the PICA. In three patients with a C1 level origin PICA, all LSAs originated from the PICA. All LSAs reached the dorsolateral part of the spinal cord. The mean visualized range of the LSA was 27.4 mm. The LSA was involved in five of seven CCJAVF lesions (71%). There was one lesion with a spinal infarction after LSA embolization. Other lesions were treated by direct interruption of the AVF, and the ASA and LSA were preserved. Conclusion: This is the first report that visualized the LSA’s normal anatomy using slab MIP images from 3D-RA and CE-CBCT. Knowledge of LSA anatomy is critical to avoid complications during the treatment of CCJAVF.
- Posterior inferior cerebellar artery
- Slab maximum intensity projection
- Spinal cord
- Three-dimensional rotational angiography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology