Anatomical contribution of the orbicularis oculi to the zygomaticus major: An improved understanding of the smile with consideration for facial cosmetic procedures

Joe Iwanaga, Mi Sun Hur, Shogo Kikuta, Soichiro Ibaragi, Koichi Watanabe, R. Shane Tubbs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to determine the contribution of the orbicularis oculi (OOc) to the zygomaticus major (Zmj) in connecting the orbital region to the corner of the mouth. The OOc and Zmj of 22 embalmed adult Korean cadavers were dissected in 44 hemifaces. The OOc fibers were traced to determine their contribution to the Zmj. Parts of the superficial bundle in the orbital region of the OOc extended directly or indirectly to the Zmj in 22.7% of the specimens. The anatomical contribution of the OOc to the Zmj was divided into three categories depending on whether the connection between them was direct or indirect: (1) superficial orbital OOc fibers extended directly to the Zmj in 6.8% of the specimens, (2) superficial orbital OOc fibers extended to the zygomaticus minor and their small portion joined to the upper fibers of the Zmj in 15.9% of the specimens, and (3) no connection was identified between the OOc and Zmj in 77.3% of the specimens. The results of this study provide further anatomical insight into the relationship between the OOc and zygomaticus muscle complex. This information could be helpful for elucidating the anatomy of smiling and treatment and surgery designs for balanced or ideal smiles.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0272060
JournalPloS one
Volume17
Issue number7 July
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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