Anatase TiO2 nanoparticles on rutile TiO2 nanorods: A heterogeneous nanostructure via layer-by-layer assembly

Zhaoyue Liu, Xintong Zhang, Shunsuke Nishimoto, Ming Jin, Donald A. Tryk, Taketoshi Murakami, Akira Fujishima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

162 Citations (Scopus)


We report here the use of a layer-by-layer assembly technique to prepare novel TiO2 heterogeneous nanostructures in which anatase nanoparticles are assembled on rutile nanorods. The preparation includes assembling anatase nanoparticle multilayers on rutile nanorods via electrostatic deposition using poly(sodium 4-styrene sulfonate) as a bridging or adhesion layer, followed by burning off the polymeric material via calcination. The composition of the heterogeneous nanostructures (i.e., the anatase-to-rutile ratio) can be tuned conveniently by controlling the experimental conditions of the layer-by-layer assembly. It was found that, with the optimum preparation conditions, the heterogeneous nanostructures showed better photocatalytic activity for decomposing gaseous acetaldehyde than either the original anatase nanoparticles or the rutile nanorods. This is discussed on the basis of the synergistic effect of the existence of both rutile and anatase in the heterogeneous nanostructure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10916-10919
Number of pages4
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - Oct 23 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


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