Analysis of the psbU gene encoding the 12-kDa extrinsic protein of photosystem II and studies on its role by deletion mutagenesis in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803

Jian Ren Shen, Masahiko Ikeuchi, Yorinao Inoue

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Abstract

The gene encoding the 12-kDa extrinsic protein of photosystem II from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 was cloned based on N-terminal sequence of the mature protein. This gene, named psbU, encodes a polypeptide of 131 residues, the first 36 residues of which were absent in the mature protein and thus served as a transit peptide required for its transport into the thylakoid lumen. A psbU gene deletion mutant grew photoautotrophically in normal BG11 medium at almost the same rate as that of the wild type strain. This mutant, however, grew apparently slower than the wild type did upon depletion of Ca2+ or Cl- from the growth medium. Photosystem II oxygen evolution decreased to 81% in the mutant as compared with that in the wild type, and the thermoluminescenee B- and Q-bands shifted to higher temperatures accompanied by an increase in the Q-band intensity. These results indicate that the 12-kDa protein is not essential for oxygen evolution but may play a role in optimizing the ion (Ca2+ and Cl-) environment and maintaining a functional structure of the cyanobacterial oxygen-evolving complex. In addition, a double deletion mutant lacking cytochrome c-550 and the 12-kDa protein grew photoautotrophically with a phenotype identical to that of the single deletion mutant of cytochrome c-550. This supports our previous biochemical results that the 12-kDa protein cannot bind to photosystem II in the absence of cytochrome c-550 (Shen, J.-R., and Inoue, Y. (1993) Biochemistry 32, 1825-1832).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17821-17826
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume272
Issue number28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 5 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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