Analysis of surface state and stability during storage of AIN powders by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Yoshikazu Kameshima, Shoichi Kuramochi, Atsuo Yasumori, Kiyoshi Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The surface state of as-prepared AlN powders produced by direct nitridation and carbothermal methods was characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray excited Auger electron spectroscopy (XAES). In the as-prepared AlN powders, small peaks assigned to imide and amide groups were detected in the N1s XPS spectra of directly nitrided powders but not in those of the carbothermally treated powders. Both an oxidized surface phase and a parent AlN phase could be distinguished in the A12p XPS and Al (KLL) XAES spectra of all the samples. The structural state of the oxidized surface phase was found to be similar to γ-Al2O3. The average thickness of the oxidized surface phase was determined to be about 0.5-0.6 nm in directly nitrided AlN powders whereas it was 1.1 nm in carbothermally treated AlN powders. The thickness of the oxidized surface phase increased with increasing storage times of the AlN powders in a container under ambient atmosphere. The increase of thickness with storage time of the oxidized surface phase in directly nitrided AlN powder was faster than in the carbothermally treated AlN powder. The oxidized surface phase changed from X-Al2O3 in the as-prepared AlN powders to a hydroxide phase during storage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)749-753
Number of pages5
JournalNippon Seramikkusu Kyokai Gakujutsu Ronbunshi/Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Volume106
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

storage stability
Surface states
Powders
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
photoelectron spectroscopy
x rays
Auger electron spectroscopy
Auger spectroscopy
electron spectroscopy
Imides
X rays
Nitridation
imides
containers
Amides
amides
hydroxides
Containers

Keywords

  • AIN powder
  • Carbothermal powder
  • Directly nitrided powder
  • Stability for storage
  • Surface analysis
  • XPS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites

Cite this

Analysis of surface state and stability during storage of AIN powders by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. / Kameshima, Yoshikazu; Kuramochi, Shoichi; Yasumori, Atsuo; Okada, Kiyoshi.

In: Nippon Seramikkusu Kyokai Gakujutsu Ronbunshi/Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, Vol. 106, No. 8, 08.1998, p. 749-753.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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