Analysis of stress in temporomandibular joint during clenching

Takaaki Sarai, Yoshiharu Azuma, Kenji Akahane, Kazuo Honda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The stress in a human temporomandibular joint (TMJ) during clenching was analyzed using a 2-dimensional model of a TMJ. The finite element method was employed and the contact between soft tissue and bone including articular cartilage was taken into consideration. The stress perpendicular to the surface in cortical bone is compressive on the anterior sides of the condyle and the glenoid fossa. The maximum and minimum principal stresses in the articular cartilage are nearly equal and the equivalent stress is relatively small in the region between the parietal and anterior directions. The equivalent stress is distributed in the articular disk when the condyle is displaced anteriorly in the TMJ. On the other hand, concentration of equivalent stress is observed in the disk when the condyle is displaced posteriorly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-103
Number of pages5
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, A Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part A
Volume64
Issue number617
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Biomechanics
  • Clenching
  • Contact problem
  • Finite element method
  • Stress analysis
  • Temporomandibular joint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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