Analysis of sensitization to carboxymethylcellulose: Identification of high risk group using ELISA and histamine release experiment

S. Mori, N. Muroi, S. Ono, H. K. Takahashi, M. Nishibori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective and Design: Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) has been considered to be inert and is commonly used as an additive in medicines, foods and cosmetics. However, we experienced a patient who developed an anaphylactic reaction to CMC after an upper gastrointestinal examination using a barium meal containing CMC. Therefore, we examined the incidence of sensitization by CMC in healthy subjects, and categorized the high risk group prone to developing anaphylactic response to CMC. Methods: An ELISA for detecting CMC-specific IgE antibody was developed using serum from the patient as a positive control. In the ten subjects exhibiting high anti-CMC IgE among 387 normal populations, histamine release from isolated leukocytes was performed. Results: Five of ten subjects with a high IgE titer showed a significant CMC-induced histamine release from leukocyte preparations in vitro as observed in the patient, and were classified as high risk group. There was a correlation between sensitization by CMC and that by Japanese cedar pollen. The incidence of sensitization in females was 2.4 fold higher than that in males. Conclusions: The combination of ELISA and histamine release experiment made it possible to identify the high risk group for developing anaphylactic response. The administration of high dose CMC as a suspending agent in barium sulfate or injectable corticosteroids to this group should be avoided to prevent anaphylactic reactions in the clinic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-169
Number of pages6
JournalInflammation Research
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2004

Keywords

  • Anaphylaxis
  • Carboxymethylcellulose
  • ELISA
  • High risk
  • Histamine release

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology

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