Analysis of response mechanism of a proton-pumping gate FET hydrogen gas sensor in air

T. Yamaguchi, M. Takisawa, Toshihiko Kiwa, H. Yamada, Keiji Tsukada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two different types of hydrogen response signals (DC and AC) of a proton-pumping gate FET with triple layer gate structure (Pd/proton conducting polymer/Pt) were obtained. The proton-pumping gate FET showed good selectivity against other gases (CH4, C2H6, NH3, and O2). For practical use, the hydrogen response characteristics of the proton-pumping gate FET were investigated in air (a gaseous mixture of oxygen and nitrogen). The proton-pumping gate FET showed different hydrogen response characteristics in nitrogen as well as in air, despite the lack of oxygen interference independently. To clarify the response mechanism of the proton-pumping gate FET, a hydrogen response measurement was performed, using a gas flow system and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Consequently, the difference in response between nitrogen and air was found to be due to the hydrogen dissociation reaction and the interference with the proton transfer caused by the adsorbed oxygen on the upper Pd gate electrode.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)538-542
Number of pages5
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Volume133
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 12 2008

Fingerprint

Field effect transistors
Chemical sensors
Protons
Hydrogen
pumping
field effect transistors
protons
sensors
air
hydrogen
Air
gases
Nitrogen
Oxygen
nitrogen
oxygen
Proton transfer
interference
Conducting polymers
Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy

Keywords

  • Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS)
  • Field effect transistor (FET)
  • Hydrogen sensor
  • Oxygen
  • Proton-pumping gate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Analysis of response mechanism of a proton-pumping gate FET hydrogen gas sensor in air. / Yamaguchi, T.; Takisawa, M.; Kiwa, Toshihiko; Yamada, H.; Tsukada, Keiji.

In: Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical, Vol. 133, No. 2, 12.08.2008, p. 538-542.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Tsukada, Keiji

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N2 - Two different types of hydrogen response signals (DC and AC) of a proton-pumping gate FET with triple layer gate structure (Pd/proton conducting polymer/Pt) were obtained. The proton-pumping gate FET showed good selectivity against other gases (CH4, C2H6, NH3, and O2). For practical use, the hydrogen response characteristics of the proton-pumping gate FET were investigated in air (a gaseous mixture of oxygen and nitrogen). The proton-pumping gate FET showed different hydrogen response characteristics in nitrogen as well as in air, despite the lack of oxygen interference independently. To clarify the response mechanism of the proton-pumping gate FET, a hydrogen response measurement was performed, using a gas flow system and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Consequently, the difference in response between nitrogen and air was found to be due to the hydrogen dissociation reaction and the interference with the proton transfer caused by the adsorbed oxygen on the upper Pd gate electrode.

AB - Two different types of hydrogen response signals (DC and AC) of a proton-pumping gate FET with triple layer gate structure (Pd/proton conducting polymer/Pt) were obtained. The proton-pumping gate FET showed good selectivity against other gases (CH4, C2H6, NH3, and O2). For practical use, the hydrogen response characteristics of the proton-pumping gate FET were investigated in air (a gaseous mixture of oxygen and nitrogen). The proton-pumping gate FET showed different hydrogen response characteristics in nitrogen as well as in air, despite the lack of oxygen interference independently. To clarify the response mechanism of the proton-pumping gate FET, a hydrogen response measurement was performed, using a gas flow system and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Consequently, the difference in response between nitrogen and air was found to be due to the hydrogen dissociation reaction and the interference with the proton transfer caused by the adsorbed oxygen on the upper Pd gate electrode.

KW - Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS)

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