A spatial division (SD) transmission method utilizing the characteristics of two-ray fading due to ground reflection with linear antenna arrays horizontal to the ground is proposed. Formulations of the optimum array arrangements as functions of the transmission distance and achievable channel capacity are clarified. For two- and three-element arrays, channel capacity is respectively doubled and tripled over that of free-space propagation. The proposed method provides increased capacity without the extra signal processing cost incurred when using conventional multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) transmission.
- Parallel transmission
- Spatial division multiplexing
- Two-ray ground reflection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering