Background: Medial meniscus (MM) posterior root repairs show favorable clinical outcomes in patients with MM posterior root tears (MMPRTs). However, there is no useful magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) finding to determine a functionally good meniscal healing following MM posterior root repairs. We hypothesized that a characteristic postoperative MRI finding can predict a good meniscal healing following pullout repairs. The aim of this study was to investigate a clinical usefulness of several MRI findings for estimating an actual meniscal healing following MMPRT repairs. Methods: Fifty eight patients who had a posteromedial painful popping of the injured knee and underwent an arthroscopic pullout repair for the MMPRT were included. Arthroscopic meniscal healing was assessed according to the Furumatsu scoring system at 1 year postoperatively. We evaluated postoperative MRI-based meniscal healing using signal intensity, continuity, suspension bridge-like sign of the MM posterior root, and MM medial extrusion on coronal images. Postoperative clinical outcome evaluations were performed at second-look arthroscopy. Results: Twenty three patients showed good arthroscopic healing scores (≥7 points). Thirty five patients had moderate/poor arthroscopic healing scores (<7 points). At 1-year follow-up period, clinical outcome scores were significantly higher in the good healing group than in the moderate/poor healing group. A characteristic meniscal shape, termed “suspension bridge sign”, was highly observed in the good meniscal healing group (83%) compared with in the moderate/poor healing group (26%, P < 0.001). High signal intensity and continuity of the MM posterior root and MM medial extrusion showed no differences between both groups. Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that the MRI-based suspension bridge sign can predict an arthroscopically favorable meniscal healing following the MM posterior root repair. The suspension bridge-like MRI finding of the MM would be a useful indicator to evaluate the actual meniscal healing in patients who underwent pullout repairs for MMPRTs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine