Uncontrolled secretion of mature interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18 is responsible for severe autoinflammatory or autoimmune disorders and various allergic diseases. Here we report an intramolecular interaction between IL-18 and its propeptide, which is proteolytically removed from its precursor proIL-18 during maturation. The intramolecular interaction was recapitulated intermolecularly using recombinant propeptide. These results suggest the possibility of developing a novel class of peptide-based IL-18 inhibitors that could serve as therapeutic agents for IL-18-related inflammatory diseases.
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