An evaluation of efficacy of minocycline as an anti-rheumatic drug in patients with active and refractory rheumatoid arthritis

N. Kawanaka, M. Yamamura, H. Hashimoto, H. Okamoto, Y. Morita, M. Kawashima, T. Aita, A. Okamoto, H. Makino

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The efficacy and safety of minocycline was investigated in Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who had already received more than three disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs). Minocycline was administered at 100 mg twice a day to fifteen patients with active RA. The drug efficacy was evaluated by the clinical variables including the number of painful and/or swollen joints, the duration of morning stiffness, grip strength, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate, serum concentrations of C- reactive protein, and the titer of rheumatoid factor. Three patients experienced adverse effects such as dizziness and abdominal pain or discomfort, but only one patient with abdominal pain and dizziness was discontinued. Fourteen RA patients, who had taken minocycline for at least 6 months, were subjected to the clinical evaluation. Among them, 8 patients (54%) showed a significant improvement of clinical valuables for disease activity, beginning even at 4 weeks of the therapy. The continued effects were observed in 8 patients with over 1 year-minocycline therapy. Intriguingly, an active patient with a history of multiple DMARDs-resistancy showed a marked favorable response to this drug. The present study indicates that minocycline may be an effective DMARD with highly safe performance for patients with active and refractory RA. This is the first demonstration of the benefit of minocycline in the Japanese patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)801-809
Number of pages9
JournalRyumachi
Volume38
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1998

Keywords

  • Disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD)
  • Lansbury articular index
  • Minocycline
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology

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    Kawanaka, N., Yamamura, M., Hashimoto, H., Okamoto, H., Morita, Y., Kawashima, M., Aita, T., Okamoto, A., & Makino, H. (1998). An evaluation of efficacy of minocycline as an anti-rheumatic drug in patients with active and refractory rheumatoid arthritis. Ryumachi, 38(6), 801-809.