An analysis on ion transport process in electrodialysis desalination

Kenji Tado, Fumika Sakai, Yoshihiko Sano, Akira Nakayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An analysis based on the Nernst-Planck equation has been carried out on the transport process of salt ions in the ion-exchange membrane electrodialysis technology. The individual transport equations for both diluate phase and concentrate phase are considered to investigate the conservation of mass and salt ions driven by convection, molecular diffusion and electrophoresis. For the first time, the ion transport flow across the membranes driven by the osmotic pressure has been accounted for the overflow type of electrodialysis with the concentrate compartments sealed at the bottom end. The equations are integrated across the desalination channel and the concentrate reservoir to form one dimensional set of the transport equations with respect to the bulk velocities and concentrations of the diluate and concentrate phases. Subsequently, the equations are solved by the Runge-Kutta-Gill method, and the results are found to agree well with available experimental data. An analytic expression has been obtained for estimating a limiting current density.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-66
Number of pages7
JournalDesalination
Volume378
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2016

Keywords

  • Desalination
  • Electrolysis
  • Ion transport
  • Mathematical model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering

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