Ammonia gas nitriding of Fe-18Cr-9Ni alloy at lower than 823 K

Hideyuki Kuwahara, Hiroaki Matsuoka, Jun Takada, Shiomi Kikuchi, Youichi Tomii, Toru Takayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

An Fe-18Cr-9Ni alloy, which it had not previously been possible to nitride at temperatures below 873 K, was found to form nitrides in an ammonia gas atmosphere at temperatures as low as 823 K after annealing at low hydrogen pressure at 1473 K. Microstructure and hardness were examined on cross-sections of the nitrided specimens. An internal nitriding layer had formed beneath an external nitriding layer on the specimen surface. Vickers hardness was above 1000 throughout the internal nitriding layer. The nitrides formed at the specimen surface and in the internal nitriding layer were identified using grazing incidence X-ray diffraction and ordinary X-ray diffraction methods, respectively. The external nitriding layer, which was about 6 to 10 μm thick, formed on the surface, which consisted of e{open}-Fe2-3N, γ′-Fe4N, and CrN. Two types of chromium nitride were precipitated by ammonia gas nitriding of the present alloy: CrN in the external nitriding layer and Cr2N in the internal nitriding layer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4120-4124
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume25
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1990

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nitriding
Nitriding
Ammonia
ammonia
Gases
gases
Nitrides
nitrides
X ray diffraction
Vickers hardness
Chromium
grazing incidence
diffraction
Hydrogen
chromium
x rays
hardness
Hardness
Annealing
atmospheres

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Kuwahara, H., Matsuoka, H., Takada, J., Kikuchi, S., Tomii, Y., & Takayama, T. (1990). Ammonia gas nitriding of Fe-18Cr-9Ni alloy at lower than 823 K. Journal of Materials Science, 25(9), 4120-4124. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00582491

Ammonia gas nitriding of Fe-18Cr-9Ni alloy at lower than 823 K. / Kuwahara, Hideyuki; Matsuoka, Hiroaki; Takada, Jun; Kikuchi, Shiomi; Tomii, Youichi; Takayama, Toru.

In: Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 25, No. 9, 09.1990, p. 4120-4124.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kuwahara, H, Matsuoka, H, Takada, J, Kikuchi, S, Tomii, Y & Takayama, T 1990, 'Ammonia gas nitriding of Fe-18Cr-9Ni alloy at lower than 823 K', Journal of Materials Science, vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 4120-4124. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00582491
Kuwahara H, Matsuoka H, Takada J, Kikuchi S, Tomii Y, Takayama T. Ammonia gas nitriding of Fe-18Cr-9Ni alloy at lower than 823 K. Journal of Materials Science. 1990 Sep;25(9):4120-4124. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00582491
Kuwahara, Hideyuki ; Matsuoka, Hiroaki ; Takada, Jun ; Kikuchi, Shiomi ; Tomii, Youichi ; Takayama, Toru. / Ammonia gas nitriding of Fe-18Cr-9Ni alloy at lower than 823 K. In: Journal of Materials Science. 1990 ; Vol. 25, No. 9. pp. 4120-4124.
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