Amlodipine and atorvastatin exert protective and additive effects via antiapoptotic and antiautophagic mechanisms after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion in Zucker metabolic syndrome rats

Xuemei Zhang, Shoko Deguchi, Kentaro Deguchi, Yasuyuki Ohta, Toru Yamashita, Jingwei Shang, Fengfeng Tian, Ning Liu, Wentao Liu, Yoshio Ikeda, Tohru Matsuura, Koji Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined the neuroprotective effects amlodipine and/or atorvastatin in metabolic syndrome (MetS) Zucker fatty rats against transient (90 min) middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). The rats were pretreated with vehicle, amlodipine, atorvastatin, or amlodipine plus atorvastatin for 28 days, and 24 hr after transient MCAO the infarct size was assessed via hematoxylin and eosin staining, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin in situ nick end labeling (TUNEL) and microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) expression were examined by immunohistochemistry to evaluate apoptosis and autophagy, respectively. Compared with the vehicle group, rats treated with amlodipine or atorvastatin alone showed a significant decrease in infarct volume (P < 0.01), which was further decreased in the amlodipine plus atorvastatin group (P < 0.001). Compared with the vehicle group, the numbers of TUNEL- and LC3-positive cells were markedly reduced by amlodipine or atorvastatin alone (P < 0.01) and further decreased by amlodipine plus atorvastatin (P < 0.001). The number of apoptotic TUNEL/autophagic LC3 double-positive cells was also significantly decreased with amlodipine or atorvastatin alone compared with vehicle (P < 0.01) and was further decreased by amlodipine plus atorvastatin (P < 0.001). These data suggest additive neuroprotective effects of combination amlodipine and atorvastatin treatment after acute ischemic stroke in MetS model Zucker rats. These effects are mediated, at least in part, via antiapoptotic and antiautophagic mechanisms. Further studies are now needed to expand these preliminary results to understand fully the mechanisms involved in the protective effects of amlodipine and atorvastatin against ischemic stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1228-1234
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Volume89
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

Keywords

  • Amlodipine
  • Apoptosis
  • Atorvastatin
  • Autophagy
  • Cerebral ischemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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