We report two patients with severe amicrobial pustular dermatosis with immunological abnormalities: a 63-year-old woman with a 30-year-history of discoid lupus erythematosus and sicca syndrome, and a 35-year-old woman with high levels of γ-globulinemia and positive antinuclear antibodies. Both patients presented with crusty and eroded erythematous plaques studded with aseptic pustules on the back, face, and scalp. Histological examination showed acanthosis, neutrophilic exocytosis to the epidermis, and neutrophilic and lymphocytic infiltration with nuclear dust in the dermis. These patients were diagnosed as having 'amicrobial pustulosis associated with autoimmune diseases'. The eruptions improved with combination treatment of oral prednisolone with cyclosporin A or diaminodiphenylsulphone. Although the pathogenesis remains unclear, amicrobial pustular dermatosis might be one of the cutaneous complications in autoimmune diseases.
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