Altered root structure affects both expression and cellular localization of transporters for mineral element uptake in rice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

One of the most important roles of plant roots is to take up mineral elements for their growth. Although several genes involved in root growth have been identified, the association between root structure and mineral element uptake is less investigated. In this study, we isolated a rice mutant (dice1, defective in cell elongation 1) with short-root phenotype. This mutant was characterized by partial defect in the formation of root outer cell layers. Mapping of the responsible gene revealed that the short-root phenotype in the mutant was caused by a single-nucleotide substitution of a gene encoding a membrane-anchored endo-1,4-beta-glucanase (OsGlu3). The growth of both the roots and shoots was partially recovered with increasing strength of nutrient solution and glucose in the mutant. The mutant showed a decreased uptake (normalized by root dry weight) for Mg, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, Cd, As and Ge but increased uptake for K and Ca. The expression level of some transporter genes including OsLsi1 and OsLsi2 for Si uptake and OsNramp5 for Mn uptake was significantly decreased in the mutant compared with the wild-type (WT) rice. Furthermore, the cellular localization of OsLsi1 was altered; OsLsi1 localized at the root exodermis of the WT rice was changed to be localized to other cell layers of the mutant roots. However, this localization became normal in the presence of exogenous glucose in the mutant. Our results indicate that a normal root structure is required for maintaining the expression and localization of transporters involved in the mineral element uptake.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-491
Number of pages11
JournalPlant and Cell Physiology
Volume61
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2020

Keywords

  • Expression
  • Ionome
  • Localization
  • Rice
  • Root structure
  • Transporter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Altered root structure affects both expression and cellular localization of transporters for mineral element uptake in rice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this