Background: Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) is associated with future stroke. Although pathological alteration in small vessels of patients with CSVD can be detected by neuroimaging, diagnosis of CSVD is delayed because it is an asymptomatic disease. The stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHRSP) show similar pathological features to human CSVD and develop stroke-related symptoms with advancing age. Objective: We investigated the time course of haematological parameters in Wistar rats and SHRSP. Material and Methods: Blood cells were analysed using an automated haematological analyser. Results: SHRSP develop stroke-related symptoms including onset of neurological symptoms, decreased body weight and blood brain barrier leakage between 12 and 14 weeks of age. Lymphocyte counts were gradually decreased at 3 weeks before development of stoke-related symptoms and then were further decreased after the development of stroke-related symptoms. The both mean platelet volume and large platelet ratio gradually increased at 3 weeks before the development of stoke-related symptoms. However, although SHRSP showed more microcytic red cells than Wistar rats, the trajectories of change in erythrocyte-related parameters were similar between Wistar rats and SHRSP. Conclusion: Our pilot study suggests that alterations of lymphocyte count and platelet volume predictive indicators for asymptomatic CSVD and symptomatic stroke in SHRSP.
- Animal stroke model
- blood biomarkers
- small vessel disease
- stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHRSP)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis