Here the relationship between all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)-resistance and P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-associated multidrug resistance (MDR) is discussed in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). First, the remission rates of ATRA therapy are similar in relapsed/refractory APL to the preceding chemotherapy given and in newly diagnosed APL. Second, MDR1 cDNA-transduced NB4 (NB4/MDR) cells accumulate less Rhodamine-123 (Rh123) than NB4 cells, but there is no difference in the intracellular ATRA concentration between them. PSC833 or MS209, MDR modifiers, increases the intracellular accumulation of Rh123 in NB4/MDR and APL cells expressing P-gp, but not of ATRA. Third, the expression of CD11b, the NBT reduction activity, the proportion of apoptotic cells and the morphology are not different between NB4/MDR and NB4 cells, and between APL cells expressing P-gp and not. APL cells express little P-gp, and mainly express CD33 but no CD34. Despite previous reports that ATRA-resistant APL cells express more P-gp than ATRA-sensitive ones, P-gp and ATRA-resistance seems to exist independently.
- Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL)
- All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)
- Multi-drug resistance (MDR)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research