Alchemy in the Art of Traditional Japanese Ceramics: Microstructure and Formation Mechanism of Gold-Colored Bizen Stoneware

Yoshihiro Kusano, Minoru Fukuhara, Taichi Fujino, Tatsuo Fujii, Jun Takada, Mikio Takano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The microstructure and formation process of the golden color on traditional Japanese Bizen stoneware was investigated through model experiments. The current compositional and structural research of pottery fragments has revealed that the golden color comes from Fe oxide consisting of approximately 100 nm thick agglomerates of Al-substituted hematite (α-(Fe1-xAlx)2O3, x ≈ 0.05). The color is reproducible in the laboratory by sequential heat treatments of Bizen clay pellets under oxidizing and reducing atmospheres with an amount of potassium supplied as a melting point depressant. Lustrous colors such as silver and gold in Bizen stoneware have generally been attributed to the optical interference in superficial carbon films produced by burning wood fuel. Here, we show that the golden color is caused by the formation of Al-substituted hematite, not by the formation of carbon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4017-4021
Number of pages5
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 5 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Alchemy in the Art of Traditional Japanese Ceramics: Microstructure and Formation Mechanism of Gold-Colored Bizen Stoneware'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this