Aging-affected msc functions and severity of periodontal tissue destruction in a ligature-induced mouse periodontitis model

Kyaw Thu Aung, Kentaro Akiyama, Masayoshi Kunitomo, Aung Ye Mun, Ikue Tosa, Ha Thi Thu Nguyen, Jiewen Zhang, Teisaku Kohno, Mitsuaki Ono, Emilio Satoshi Hara, Takuo Kuboki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are known to play important roles in the repair of lost or damaged tissues and immunotolerance. On the other hand, aging is known to impair MSC function. However, little is currently known about how aged MSCs affect the host response to the local inflammatory condition and tissue deterioration in periodontitis, which is a progressive destructive disease of the periodontal tissue potentially leading to multiple tooth loss. In this study, we examined the relationship between aging-induced impairment of MSC function and the severity of periodontal tissue destruction associated with the decrease in host immunomodulatory response using a ligature-induced periodontitis model in young and aged mice. The results of micro computerized tomography (micro-CT) and histological analysis revealed a more severe bone loss associated with increased osteoclast activity in aged (50-week-old) mice compared to young (5-week-old) mice. Immunostaining analysis revealed that, in aged mice, the accumulation of inflammatory T and B cells was higher, whereas the percentage of platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (PDGFRα)+ MSCs, which are known to modulate the apoptosis of T cells, was significantly lower than in young mice. In vitro analysis of MSC function showed that the expression of surface antigen markers for MSCs (Sca-1, CD90, CD146), colony formation, migration, and osteogenic differentiation of aged MSCs were significantly declined compared to those of young MSCs. Moreover, a significantly higher proportion of aged MSCs were positive for the senescence-associated β galactosidase activity. Importantly, aged MSCs presented a decreased expression of FAS-L, which was associated with a lower immunomodulatory property of aged MSCs to induce T cell apoptosis in co-cultures compared with young MSCs. In summary, this is the first study showing that aging-induced impairment of MSC function, including immunomodulatory response, is potentially correlated with progressive periodontal tissue deterioration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8103
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume21
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2020

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Bone resorption
  • Immunomodulation
  • Mesenchymal stem cell
  • Periodontitis
  • Tissue destruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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