Age-related changes of IgE-mediated allergic reaction in patients with late onset asthma - Relationship between IgE-mediated allergy and age at onset

S. Yokota, F. Mitsunobu, T. Mifune, Y. Hosaki, K. Ashida, H. Tsugeno, Y. Tanizaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined age-related changes in the IgE-mediated allergic reaction in patients with late-onset asthma, whose asthma first occurred at over 40 years. (1)The number of patients with a high serum IgE level (over 300IU/ml) was larger in patients with an age of onset between 40 and 49 (40~49 years group) and in patients older than 60 at age of onset (60~year group) than in patients with an age of onset between 50 and 59 (50~59 year group). (2)A positive RAST score to house dust mite (HDm) allergen was more frequently found in the 40~49 year group and in the 60~ year group than in the 50 ~59 year group. Frequency of positive RAST score to HDm in the 50~59 year group was significantly lower (p<0.01) than in early-onset asthma patients (age at onset less than 39 years). (3)Frequency of family history of asthma in the 50~59 years group was high, being equal to that of early-onset asthma patients. (4)In the 50~59 year group, the frequency of severe asthma was comparatively higher than that of the other groups. The frequency of IgE- mediated allergic reaction changed in regard to age of onset of asthma, and allergic reactions in late-onset asthma partially resembled those of earlyonset asthma. These results suggest that an atopic constitution is related to the onset of bronchial asthma in the elderly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-373
Number of pages7
JournalJapanese Journal of Geriatrics
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1998

Keywords

  • Aging at asthma onset
  • Family history of atopy
  • Inhalant allergen of RAST
  • Late onset asthma
  • Serum IgE level

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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