Age effects on ectopic bone formation induced by purified bone morphogenetic protein

Noriyuki Nagai, Chun Lin Qin, Hitoshi Nagatsuka, Masahisa Inoue, Yuzo Ishiwari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


A mixture of heparin-Sepharose-purified bovine bone morphogenetic protein and type I atellocollagen was implanted in the subcutaneous tissues of 4-week, 10-month and 18-month-old rats. The implants were removed at 7, 14 and 21 days after implantation. The effects of rat age on ectopic bone formation were evaluated on the explants using haematoxylin-eosin staining, morphometric analysis, alkaline phosphatase activity and calcium content determination, as well as immunohistochemical staining of type IV collagen present in the basement membrane of blood vessels. On day 14 and 21, bone was observed in 4-week and 10-month-old rats, but the amount of bone formed in the latter was less than in the 4-week-old rats. In 18-month-old rats, bone was first found focally in very limited regions of the explants on day 21 and the amount of bone was much less than in 4-week-old rats. At all periods, akaline phosphatase activity was higher in younger rats. On day 7, there were more blood vessels in the explants of 4-week-old rats than in those of 10-month or 18-month-old rats. On day 14 and 21, more blood vessels were found in the central regions of the explants in 4-week-old rats than in the same regions in 10-month or 18-month-old rats. The findings in the present study indicate that the rate and quantity of ectopic bone formation are reduced in aged rats, and suggest that the difference in blood vessel distribution is related to this reduction in ectopic bone formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-150
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1999


  • Aging
  • Blood vessel
  • Bone morphogenetic protein
  • Ectopic bone
  • Immunohistochemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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