Age-dependent changes in the susceptibility to thiopental anesthesia in mice: Analysis of the relationship to the functional expression of GABA transporter

Norio Sogawa, Yuri Hazehara, Muneyoshi Kunitomo, Yuya Morita, Bupsang Yoo, Kazumi Ohyama, Chiharu Sogawa, Shigeo Kitayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The potency of anesthetics changes during development, probably due not only to pharmacokinetic factors such as differential distribution and/or metabolism, but also to pharmacodynamic factors such as changes to the GABAergic system in the brain. To explore the latter mechanism, we focused on the GABA transporter (GAT), the uptake system for GABA, which participates in the synaptic clearance of GABA. Thiopental-induced anesthesia, as assessed by the onset and duration of loss of the righting reflex, was more pronounced in 3-week-old mice than in 7-week-old mice. Both NO-711 and SKF89976A, selective GAT-1 inhibitors, significantly enhanced the anesthesia in the 7-week-old but not in the 3-week-old mice. In synaptosomes prepared from the cerebral cortex, the kinetics of GABA transport was similar between the two age groups, as assessed by [3H]GABA uptake assay. In addition, expression of GAT mRNA was similar between the two age groups, as assessed by quantitative RT-PCR. Thiopental reduced [3H]GABA uptake only at high concentrations in a similar manner at both ages. Conversely, the ability of SKF89976A to inhibit [3H]GABA uptake was greater in the 7-week-old mice than in the 3-week-old mice. Based on these results, GAT seems unlikely to contribute to the greater susceptibility to thiopental anesthesia in 3-week-old mice, while the increased ability of GABA uptake inhibitors to enhance thiopental-induced anesthesia in 7-week-old mice is at least partly due to higher sensitivity of GAT to the inhibitors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-272
Number of pages6
JournalPharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior
Volume103
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

Keywords

  • Anesthesia
  • GABA
  • Thiopental
  • Transporter
  • Uptake inhibitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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