Advantage of Induction Chemoradiotherapy for Lung Cancer in Securing Cancer-Free Bronchial Margin

Hiroki Sato, Shinichi Toyooka, Junichi Sou, Katsuyuki Hotta, Kuniaki Katsui, Kazuhiko Shien, Hiromasa Yamamoto, Takahiro Oto, Susumu Kanazawa, Katsuyuki Kiura, Shinichiro Miyoshi

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Abstract

Background: Bronchoplasty is a useful procedure for preserving pulmonary function. For this procedure, it is critical to secure the negative surgical margin for avoiding local recurrence. In this study, we examined the status of the surgical bronchial margin as well as the clinical outcomes in bronchoplasty with or without induction chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: The medical records of NSCLC patients who underwent bronchoplasty at our institution between January 1999 and September 2014 were reviewed. We compared the clinical outcomes of bronchoplasty with or without induction CRT. Results: A total of 58 NSCLC patients were included in this study. Among these, 38 patients underwent primary surgical procedure with bronchoplasty and 20 patients underwent bronchoplasty after induction CRT. Intraoperative pathologic diagnosis for the surgical margin of the bronchus revealed that the patients in the primary surgical procedure group had a significantly higher rate of positive surgical margin than the induction CRT group (p = 0.023), requiring an additional bronchial resection to secure the negative margin. After additional resection of positive bronchial stumps, no significant difference was found in the rate of positive margin with postoperative histologic diagnosis between the two groups. In addition, no significant differences in the postoperative complication rate and overall and recurrence-free survivals were observed between the two groups. Conclusions: Our results suggest that induction CRT before surgical procedure may help ensure the intraoperative negative surgical margin of the bronchus. Our study also indicates that bronchoplasty after induction CRT is feasible in comparison with bronchoplasty in primary surgical procedure.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017

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Chemoradiotherapy
Lung Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Bronchi
Recurrence
Medical Records
Margins of Excision
Lung
Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Advantage of Induction Chemoradiotherapy for Lung Cancer in Securing Cancer-Free Bronchial Margin",
abstract = "Background: Bronchoplasty is a useful procedure for preserving pulmonary function. For this procedure, it is critical to secure the negative surgical margin for avoiding local recurrence. In this study, we examined the status of the surgical bronchial margin as well as the clinical outcomes in bronchoplasty with or without induction chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: The medical records of NSCLC patients who underwent bronchoplasty at our institution between January 1999 and September 2014 were reviewed. We compared the clinical outcomes of bronchoplasty with or without induction CRT. Results: A total of 58 NSCLC patients were included in this study. Among these, 38 patients underwent primary surgical procedure with bronchoplasty and 20 patients underwent bronchoplasty after induction CRT. Intraoperative pathologic diagnosis for the surgical margin of the bronchus revealed that the patients in the primary surgical procedure group had a significantly higher rate of positive surgical margin than the induction CRT group (p = 0.023), requiring an additional bronchial resection to secure the negative margin. After additional resection of positive bronchial stumps, no significant difference was found in the rate of positive margin with postoperative histologic diagnosis between the two groups. In addition, no significant differences in the postoperative complication rate and overall and recurrence-free survivals were observed between the two groups. Conclusions: Our results suggest that induction CRT before surgical procedure may help ensure the intraoperative negative surgical margin of the bronchus. Our study also indicates that bronchoplasty after induction CRT is feasible in comparison with bronchoplasty in primary surgical procedure.",
author = "Hiroki Sato and Shinichi Toyooka and Junichi Sou and Katsuyuki Hotta and Kuniaki Katsui and Kazuhiko Shien and Hiromasa Yamamoto and Takahiro Oto and Susumu Kanazawa and Katsuyuki Kiura and Shinichiro Miyoshi",
year = "2017",
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language = "English",
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T1 - Advantage of Induction Chemoradiotherapy for Lung Cancer in Securing Cancer-Free Bronchial Margin

AU - Sato, Hiroki

AU - Toyooka, Shinichi

AU - Sou, Junichi

AU - Hotta, Katsuyuki

AU - Katsui, Kuniaki

AU - Shien, Kazuhiko

AU - Yamamoto, Hiromasa

AU - Oto, Takahiro

AU - Kanazawa, Susumu

AU - Kiura, Katsuyuki

AU - Miyoshi, Shinichiro

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Background: Bronchoplasty is a useful procedure for preserving pulmonary function. For this procedure, it is critical to secure the negative surgical margin for avoiding local recurrence. In this study, we examined the status of the surgical bronchial margin as well as the clinical outcomes in bronchoplasty with or without induction chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: The medical records of NSCLC patients who underwent bronchoplasty at our institution between January 1999 and September 2014 were reviewed. We compared the clinical outcomes of bronchoplasty with or without induction CRT. Results: A total of 58 NSCLC patients were included in this study. Among these, 38 patients underwent primary surgical procedure with bronchoplasty and 20 patients underwent bronchoplasty after induction CRT. Intraoperative pathologic diagnosis for the surgical margin of the bronchus revealed that the patients in the primary surgical procedure group had a significantly higher rate of positive surgical margin than the induction CRT group (p = 0.023), requiring an additional bronchial resection to secure the negative margin. After additional resection of positive bronchial stumps, no significant difference was found in the rate of positive margin with postoperative histologic diagnosis between the two groups. In addition, no significant differences in the postoperative complication rate and overall and recurrence-free survivals were observed between the two groups. Conclusions: Our results suggest that induction CRT before surgical procedure may help ensure the intraoperative negative surgical margin of the bronchus. Our study also indicates that bronchoplasty after induction CRT is feasible in comparison with bronchoplasty in primary surgical procedure.

AB - Background: Bronchoplasty is a useful procedure for preserving pulmonary function. For this procedure, it is critical to secure the negative surgical margin for avoiding local recurrence. In this study, we examined the status of the surgical bronchial margin as well as the clinical outcomes in bronchoplasty with or without induction chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: The medical records of NSCLC patients who underwent bronchoplasty at our institution between January 1999 and September 2014 were reviewed. We compared the clinical outcomes of bronchoplasty with or without induction CRT. Results: A total of 58 NSCLC patients were included in this study. Among these, 38 patients underwent primary surgical procedure with bronchoplasty and 20 patients underwent bronchoplasty after induction CRT. Intraoperative pathologic diagnosis for the surgical margin of the bronchus revealed that the patients in the primary surgical procedure group had a significantly higher rate of positive surgical margin than the induction CRT group (p = 0.023), requiring an additional bronchial resection to secure the negative margin. After additional resection of positive bronchial stumps, no significant difference was found in the rate of positive margin with postoperative histologic diagnosis between the two groups. In addition, no significant differences in the postoperative complication rate and overall and recurrence-free survivals were observed between the two groups. Conclusions: Our results suggest that induction CRT before surgical procedure may help ensure the intraoperative negative surgical margin of the bronchus. Our study also indicates that bronchoplasty after induction CRT is feasible in comparison with bronchoplasty in primary surgical procedure.

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