Advantage of Alveolar Ridge augmentation with bioactive/bioresorbable screws made of composites of unsintered hydroxyapatite and poly-L-lactide

Shintaro Sukegawa, Hotaka Kawai, Keisuke Nakano, Kiyofumi Takabatake, Takahiro Kanno, Hitoshi Nagatsuka, Yoshihiko Furuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We studied human bone healing characteristics and the histological osteogenic environment by using devices made of a composite of uncalcined and unsintered hydroxyapatite (u-HA) and poly-L-lactide (PLLA). In eight cases of fixation, we used u-HA/PLLA screws for maxillary alveolar ridge augmentation, for which mandibular cortical bone block was used in preimplantation surgery. Five appropriate samples with screws were evaluated histologically and immunohistochemically for runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), transcription factor Sp7 (Osterix), and leptin receptor (LepR). In all cases, histological evaluation revealed that bone components had completely surrounded the u-HA/PLLA screws, and the bone was connected directly to the biomaterial. Inflammatory cells did not invade the space between the bone and the u-HA/PLLA screw. Immunohistochemical evaluation revealed that many cells were positive for RUNX2 or Osterix, which are markers for osteoblast and osteoprogenitor cells, in the tissues surrounding u-HA/PLLA. In addition, many bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells were notably positive for both LepR and RUNX2. The u-HA/PLLA material showed excellent bioactive osteoconductivity and a highly biocompatibility with bone directly attached. In addition, our findings suggest that many bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells and mature osteoblast are present in the osteogenic environment created with u-HA/PLLA screws and that this environment is suitable for osteogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3681
JournalMaterials
Volume12
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2019

Keywords

  • Biocompatibility
  • Mesenchymal stem cell
  • Osteoconductivity
  • Poly-L-lactide
  • Uncalcinedandunsinteredhydroxyapatite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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