A 12-year-old girl presented with a large abdominal tumor. At surgery, a huge pedunculated extraluminal tumor was found arising from the greater curvature of the stomach and invading the surrounding structures, and there were also a submucosal tumor measuring 5 × 4 × 4 cm and multiple intramural nodules beside the main tumor. These lesions, which were removed with 1.0-cm surgical margins, were immunohistochemically positive for c-kit (CD117) and CD34. A diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) was made. The huge size of the tumor (3.6 kg in weight and 36 × 25 × 25 cm in diameter), the invasion of the surrounding structures, and the increased mitotic figures indicated the GIST had malignant potential. Sequence analysis of the polymerase chain reaction product of RNAs from the tumor cells revealed a novel platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (PDGFRA) mutation, which would exhibit biologic consequences similar to those of the c-kit mutation. The patient underwent a 3-month course of imatinib mesylate as adjuvant chemotherapy because of the possible risk for tumor recurrence. She is now doing well without any evidence of recurrence or metastasis 25 months after the surgery. Only 9 cases of GIST have been reported in children, and a review of those cases revealed GISTs in children would be associated with a better prognosis than in adults and that one third of pediatric GISTs presented with intestinal obstruction in the newborn period.
- Gastrointestinal stromal tumor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health