The case of an elderly man with an advanced oropharyngeal cancer that was missed during esophagogastroduodenoscopy is described. He was referred for endoscopic resection of superficial esophageal squamous cell neoplasms. He died a month after referral due to an advanced oropharyngeal cancer with a metastatic lesion to the brain. Patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma are high risk for head and neck cancer. The pharynx is the most common site for cancer in the head and neck region. Consequently, the pharynx should be observed carefully when patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma undergo esophagogastroduodenoscopy.
LEARNING POINTS: Head and neck cancer develops in approximately 10% of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.The pharynx should be observed carefully when patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma undergo esophagogastroduodenoscopy because the pharynx is the most common site for cancer in the head and neck region.Sedation using narcotic drugs can reduce the gag reflex but still allow patients to vocalize and offer adequate conditions for pharyngeal observation during esophagogastroduodenoscopy.
|Journal||European Journal of Case Reports in Internal Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|