Adsorption properties of activated carbon from waste newspaper prepared by chemical and physical activation

Kiyoshi Okada, Nobuo Yamamoto, Yoshikazu Kameshima, Atsuo Yasumori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adsorption properties of activated carbons prepared from waste newspaper by chemical and physical activation were investigated using water vapor, ammonia, methane, and methylene blue (MB) as adsorbents. The water vapor adsorption isotherms show type V behavior and the maximum vapor adsorption of the chemically and physically activated products is about 1050 and 450 ml/g, respectively. The higher water vapor adsorption of the chemically activated products is attributed to the higher specific surface area (SBET) and greater hydrophilic activity (arising from the surface oxygen-containing functional groups) than in the physically activated products. The adsorption of ammonia and methane was measured by temperature-programmed desorption (TPD). NH3 adsorption is found to be higher in the chemically activated product than in the physically activated product while methane adsorption is slightly higher in the physically activated products even though these have lower SBET values. In the MB adsorption, the chemically activated products show higher adsorption (390 mg/g) than the physically activated product. These results are suggested to be related to the surface characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-199
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Colloid And Interface Science
Volume262
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • Adsorption properties
  • Temperature-programmed desorption
  • Waste newspaper

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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