AM is a member of the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) family and consists of a single intramolecular ring structure and amidated C-terminus, which are common to family members. Three types of AMs (AM1, AM2, and AM5) have been identified in mammals although AM5 is mutated and impaired in some species, including human, mouse, and rat. AM is expressed ubiquitously in the body and exerts multiple effects. Vasodilation is the major function of AM derived from the vascular endothelial cells. Plasma AM levels are elevated in various diseases, such as chronic hypertension, congestive heart failure, ischemic heart injury, sepsis, cancers, renal impairment, and diabetes, which is useful for estimating the progression of disease. AM KO mice are embryonic lethal with abnormalities of vascular development.
|Title of host publication||Handbook of Hormones|
|Subtitle of host publication||Comparative Endocrinology for Basic and Clinical Research|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2015|
- multiple function
- vascular endothelial cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas