In this study, we performed an elaborate adjustment of the structure of peptide nucleic acid (PNA) molecular beacons as probes for detecting nucleic acids. We synthesized the PNA beacons with various numbers of Glu, Lys, and dabcyl (Dab) quenchers in them, and we investigated their fluorescence changes (F1/1/F0 ) with and without full-match DNA. As the numbers of Glu/Lys or Dab increased, the F1/1/F0 tended to decrease. Among the different beacons, the PNA beacon with one Glu and one Lys (P1Q1) showed the largest F1/1/F0 . On the other hand, a relatively large F1/1/F0 was obtained when the number of Glu/Lys and the number of Dab were the same, and the balance between the numbers of Glu/Lys and Dab seemed to affect the F1/1/F0 . We also investigated the DNA detection by the prehybrid of P1Q1, which consists of the T790M base sequence, [P1Q1(T790M)], with quencher-modified DNA (Q-DNA). We examined the DNA detection with single-base mismatch by P1Q1(T790M), and we clarified that there was difficulty in detecting the sequence with P1Q1 alone, but that the sequence was successfully detected by the prehybrid of P1Q1 with the Q-DNA.
- molecular beacon
- peptide nucleic acid
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Process Chemistry and Technology